Generate soundings from Rapid Refresh (RAP), GFS, NAM, and other Model Analyses and Forecasts, RAOBS, or Aircraft (restricted)

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Latest version: 09-May-2023. See change details for more information.

Instructions | Latest Op40 analysis is valid at 12:00 UTC

Initial data source: Op40 (to 18h, NCEP 13km RAP on CONUS 40km grid, hourly) or
NAM (to 15h, 3-hourly) or
GFS (Global, 0.5° grid, 3 and 6 hourly, FAST) or
RAOBs or Aircraft (restricted) or
--- slower-to-load, high-server-load, or special purpose soundings below ---
RETRO (special restores) or CIMSS (special RAOBs)
Start Valid Time: Latest, or - : UTC
Number of hours:        Desired forecast projection
Name(s), "lat,lon",
or RAOB-WMO-ID(s):
Site info: METARs, Airports,
RAOB locations, latest RAOB times.
(Explanation of GSL format | parameters for text requests,)

For information on interpreting these soundings, please see the following:
  • Practical Use of Meteorological Models and Visualization Tools for Soaring Forecasters Presentation by Walt Rogers at the 2016 Soaring Society of American National Convention (Greenville NC).
  • The NWS Publication The Front from Feb 2004. (The web site has been updated a bit from what is shown in the article, but this is an excellent reference for pilots nonetheless.)
  • Tutorial on upper air plots from the University of Washington

    We reserve the right to deny access to any individual or organization that we determine is abusing this service. Examples of abuse include automated transfers resulting in excessive data requests (because it hinders others from accessing the service) and attempting to gain access to documents and host machines not intended for public use.

    Please send questions about this page to one or more of the following people.
    • webmaster-amb.gsl for technical questions about the java display (such as a blank screen)
    • Brian Jamison for questions about soundings and the SkewT display in general, and about RAOB soundings
    • John M. Brown for questions about model soundings (types of models, available forecasts, latency, etc.)

    Model soundings provided by the RAP/HRRR team.

    Last modified: 22-Feb-2021

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